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Ultrasound Scan Types

Ultrasound scan

Ultrasound scan of Liver and Upper Abdomen

This ultrasound scan provides you with a detailed look at the upper abdomen to asses major abdominal organs and looks at the liver, gallbladder and biliary system, pancreas, kidneys and spleen.

Fasting with clear fluid is required 4-6 hours before the scan.


Why have a liver and upper abdominal scan?

  • If your experiencing abdominal and kidney/loin pain.
  • Abdominal bloating
  • Abnormal renal functions
  • Abnormal liver function test/fatty liver
  • Previous findings


Ultrasound scan of Kidneys, Bladder and Uterus/Prostate

This scan looks at a full bladder compared to an immediate emptied one and both kidneys including the ureter and provides a detailed assessment of the uterus (womb).

A full bladder is required for this scan.


Why have this scan?

  • Identifying obstructions due to the cause of stones or blockage
  • Identifies cause of ongoing bladder issues
  • Looks for prostate enlargement
  • Looks for abnormalities of the uterus and womb lining


Ultrasound scan of Male Pelvis Scan

This scan takes an extensive look at the shape, size and condition of the following:

  • Gall bladder
  • Biliary system and pancreas
  • Liver
  • Kidneys and prostate
  • Spleen and central blood vessels

A full bladder is required for this scan.


Why have a pelvic scan?

Assesses liver, kidney and bladder function

  • Identifies any abnormalities like polyps
  • Identifies obstructions and blockages like stones


Ultrasound scan of AAA Scan

An Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm (AAA) screening is done to visualise the abdominal aorta using ultrasound and detect if an aortic aneurysm is present. Abdominal aneurysm is a swelling of the aorta, the main blood vessel that brings blood for your heart to the rest of the body. It is vital to catch a AAA before it bursts which is fatal.


This scan evaluates:

  • Abdominal aorta
  • Iliac Vessels


Why have this scan?

Some people with a AAA do not experience any symptoms, however, you may experience:

  • Intense back or abdominal pain
  • Pulsation in the middle of your abdomen or tummy
  • Rapid pulse
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • tummy pain that does not go away
  • lower back pain that does not go away


Ultrasound scan of Shoulder

The shoulder ultrasound looks of rotator cuff issues such as bursitis, tendinosis or tendon tears.


Why have a shoulder ultrasound scan?

  • Pain
  • Rotator cuff issues
  • Frozen shoulder
  • Impingement
  • Discomfort bicep rupture


Ultrasound scan of Elbow

The purpose of the elbow ultrasound scan is to provide a detailed assessment of the major musculoskeletal structures in the elbow which are more often associated with problems. This scan is performed for a wide range of reasons some of which include:

  • Pain
  • Reduced Movement
  • Tennis Elbow
  • Students Elbow
  • Tear
  • Tumours & Cancers
  • Discomfort
  • Inflammation​


Ultrasound scan of Knee

The purpose of the knee ultrasound scan is to provide an assessment of the major superficial musculoskeletal structures in the knee which can be seen by ultrasound. This scan can also be used to monitor arthritis in the knee.


Why have a knee ultrasound?

This scan is performed for a wide range of reasons some of which include:

  • Pain
  • Reduced Movement
  • Tear
  • Discomfort
  • Inflammation and swelling


Ultrasound scan of Lumps and Bumps

This scan provides high resolution scanning for any lumps and bumps felt or seen on the body. The most common causes for lumps in the body are ganglion cysts, lipomas and sebaceous cysts.


Ultrasound scan of Foot

For the assessment of arthritis, tendinosis, heel pain/plantar fasciitis, Morton’s Neuromas and fibromas.

The purpose of the foot ultrasound scan is to provide an imaging assessment of the major musculoskeletal structures within the foot which are more causing concerns. They can include:

  • Plantar Fascia
  • Major Ankle / Foot Ligaments
  • Major Tendons


Why has an ultrasound of the foot?

You may be experiencing:

  • Pain
  • Reduced Movement
  • Tear
  • Discomfort
  • Inflammation


Ultrasound scan of Ankle

Musculoskeletal ultrasonography is a very powerful diagnostic tool for the diagnosis of a wide array of ankle problems such tendinosis, tenosynovitis, Para tendinitis, rupture, dislocation, ligaments that are commonly torn, plantar fasciitis, Morton’s neuroma, stress fractures, and plantar plate injury.

Sports and overuse injuries of the ankle and foot are common and ultrasound has been established as an excellent diagnostic modality for foot and ankle pathologies, providing a rapid non-invasive examination tool that is well tolerated by the patient with acute or chronic pain.


Ultrasound scan of Wrist and Hand

The purpose of the ultrasound scan is to provide a detailed ultrasound assessment of the major musculoskeletal structures in the hand or wrist. They can include:

  • Tendons & muscles
  • Soft Tissues
  • Joints
  • Carpal Tunnel (wrist scan)


A hand and wrist ultrasound can assess and monitor many different conditions:

  • Osteo/Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Carpal tunnel syndrome
  • Tendinitis/Tenosynovitis.


Ultrasound scan of Female Pelvis

A pelvic ultrasound is a non-invasive diagnostic exam that produces images that are used to assess organs and structures within the female pelvis. A pelvic ultrasound allows quick visualization of the female pelvic organs and structures including the uterus, cervix, vagina, fallopian tubes and ovaries. Size, shape, and position of the uterus and ovaries. A pelvis ultrasound establishes:

  • Thickness and presence of fluids or masses in the endometrium, myometrium (uterine muscle tissue), fallopian tubes, or in or near the bladder
  • Length and thickness of the cervix
  • Changes in bladder shape
  • Blood flow through pelvic organs

A pelvic ultrasound may be used to diagnose and assist in the treatment of the following conditions:

  • Abnormalities in the anatomic structure of the uterus, including endometrial conditions
  • Fibroid tumours (benign growths), masses, cysts, and other types of tumours within the pelvis
  • Presence and position of an intrauterine contraceptive device (IUD)
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) and other types of inflammation or infection
  • Postmenopausal bleeding
  • Monitoring of ovarian follicle size for infertility evaluation
  • Aspiration of follicle fluid and eggs from ovaries for in vitro fertilization
  • Ectopic pregnancy (pregnancy occurring outside of the uterus, usually in the fallopian tube)
  • Monitoring foetal development during pregnancy
  • Assessing certain foetal condition

The two types of female pelvic ultrasound we offer are:


Transabdominal Female Pelvis

A transabdominal exam provides a wide view of the pelvic organs. This exam is often don first to give and overall view of the pelvic area and to determine pathologies that may be present.

A transducer is placed on the abdomen using the conductive gel and the pelvis is seen through or across the abdomen.


Transvaginal Female pelvis

A transvaginal exam is capable of providing greater detail in a smaller area and is often required to hone in on any pathologies seen on the transabdominal scan.

During a transvaginal ultrasound a long, thin transducer is covered with conducting gel and a latex sheath and is inserted into the vagina. A transvaginal ultrasound is usually performed to view the endometrium (the lining of the uterus) and the ovaries. Transvaginal ultrasound also evaluates the myometrium (muscular walls of the uterus) and the fallopian tubes.


Ultrasound scan of Thyroid and Neck

A thyroid ultrasound is used to investigate potential issues with the thyroid gland, a small gland in the neck that regulates metabolism and produces hormones.

This neck and thyroid exam can detect any abnormalities and help to identify any growths such as cysts or tumours that could be responsible for any symptoms or impaired thyroid function. The kind of growth can be determined using ultrasound.

Musculoskeletal (MSK) Guided Injection 

Ultrasound guided musculoskeletal injection has a wide range of injection in joint, muscle, tendon, nerve, ganglion and bursa pathologies. These are less invasive procedures and provide desirable results in short duration. Local anaesthetics and corticosteroids are the most commonly injected pharmaceuticals.

MSK guided injection are commonly used into joints such as Ankle, Achilles, Elbow, Hip, Knee, Shoulder, Spine or Wrist. The guided injection is performed by qualified MSK NHS consultant clinician. All of our patients receive a thorough assessment and ultrasound scan. All of our injections are performed under ultrasound guidance to ensure they are safely and accurately delivered to the exact area of your pain.