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Strep A

What is Strep A?

Strep A is a common type of bacteria, most infections caused by strep A are mild but some infections may be serious. Serious Strep A infections are caused by invasive group A strep, which is ca1used by the strep A bacteria getting to places it wouldn’t normally be found. GAS (Group strep A) causes infections of the skin, soft tissue and respiratory tract.

Common symptoms include:

  • A sore throat
  • Flu-like symptoms (High temperature, swollen glands, aching body, etc.)
  • Muscle aches
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Scabs and sores

How is it spread?

GAS (Group A strep) is spread by close contact with and infected person. It can be passed on by coughs, sneezes or from a wound. Some people may have the bacteria but not present with any symptoms, however, they are still capable of passing the bacteria on.

Treatment

Most strep A infections can be treated with a course of antibiotics. Serious strep A infections (invasive group A strep iGAS) require hospital admission and treatment with antibiotics.

What to look out for

Cases of strep A infections in children are rising, parents should trust their own judgement regarding their unwell child.

 

Contact NHS 111 or your GP if:

  • your child is getting worse
  • your child is feeding or eating much less than normal
  • your child has had a dry nappy for 12 hours or more or shows other signs of dehydration
  • your baby is under 3 months and has a temperature of 38C, or is 3 to 6 months and has a temperature of 39C or higher
  • your baby feels hotter than usual when you touch their back or chest, or feels sweaty
  • your child is very tired or irritable

Call 999 or go to the A&E department if:

  • your child is having difficulty breathing – you may notice grunting noises or their tummy sucking under their ribs
    there are pauses when your child breathes
  • your child’s skin, tongue or lips are blue
  • your child is floppy and will not wake up or stay awake

Prevention measures

Help prevent the spread of strep A by ensuring you and your child practice good hand and respiratory hygiene, wash hands effectively with soap and warm water for 20 seconds at a time, sneeze and cough into tissues, and keep away from those who feel unwell. Effective practice will help reduce the risk of picking up or spreading infections.

Fusion Healthcare offers Strep A testing service at 112 Leagrave Road, Luton, LU4 8HX,
please contact 01582249216, mobile: 07828634357.

 

References:

Group A Strep – What you need to know, GOV.UK, Found at:
https://ukhsa.blog.gov.uk/2022/12/05/group-a-strep-what-you-need-to-know/

Strep A, NHS, Found at:
https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/strep-a/